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Cognitive research expert: Artificial intelligence can’t make discoveries

Credit: Grigoriy Sysoev | RIAN

A genuine discovery can only be made by a human mind. Artificial or machine intelligence will never be up to the task, according to Tatiana Chernigovskaya, Head of the Cognitive Studies Lab at St Petersburg State University, who spoke during the session “Brain vs. Artificial intelligence” at the Gaidar Forum organized by the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA).

The expert noted that no “algorithmic ruler” will be able to make a discovery. Of course, a supercomputer can handle the workload that a human is not capable of. For example, there is not a single doctor on Earth that can review a million X-rays, which is an extremely useful task. However, the next step is for a human.

“Real discoveries can only be made by humans,” Tatiana Chernigovskaya claims.

She explained that a new idea comes suddenly and intuitively while intuition is a product of our past intellectual experience. The expert also noted that intuition is more important than knowledge because knowledge is limited.

“I believe in inspiration and intuition,” Chernigovskaya said.

Even more so, every human has his or her own neural network which is extremely large.

“Every one of us has a neural network inside our heads, of unbelievable proportions. If we stretch out all the “strings” [neurons – ed.] in our brain in one line, it will be equal to seven distances from Earth to the Moon and 68 circumferences of Earth. This network does not obey us and does whatever it wants,” the expert concluded.

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